Getting your gear packed for a safari? Fantastic! You’re sure to observe fascinating African wildlife and create incredible memories in the process. But what happens when the guide points to a dot in the distance to say that there’s a majestic cheetah over there and you can’t even see it because you have no Safari binoculars? Talk about a disappointing – not to mention an anticlimactic animal sighting.
After going on a countless number of safaris we want to prevent that disappointment. Not all binoculars are the same in quality and price, so we’re going to take you through the critical points to consider when investing in the quality of your wildlife sightings and then finish with the top 10 Safari Binoculars on the market to get you rolling on your path towards wildlife viewing.
Critical Buying Considerations for Your Safari Binoculars
Unless you’ve taken a close look at binoculars in the past, you may not even be aware that there are two distinct variations on the market for you to consider – the porro-prism and roof-prism.
The porro-prism type is the classic design where the larger objective lenses (those that face what you’re looking at) are offset significantly from the eyepiece lenses.
The roof-prism type is the more modern style, where the objective lenses are directly in line with the eyepiece lenses, resulting in a much slimmer and compact design.
These two designs feature different methods of reflecting light from the objective lens all the way to your eyeball, the specifics of which we won’t get into here, but there are significant differences in image quality that you should be aware of.
The roof-prism concept requires significant precision and craftsmanship in order to produce high-quality imagines while keeping the primary lenses in line. The porro-prism, on the other hand, has an easier time producing a more robust image for the same price.
Bottom line. Lower priced porro-prism designs tend to offer better image quality for roof-prism designs of the same price. Therefore, if you are on a budget, the porro-prism is well worth a look. But be aware that technology and processes are constantly improving, and producing exceptional roof-prism designs. This is especially true as your price range increases. This, combined with their sleek, ergonomic, design, make them your best bet when you’re willing to pay for the best binoculars on the market.
One of the first specifications you’ll see for a pair of binoculars is a pair of numbers, such as 10×25. The first of these numbers represents the magnification for the binoculars. In this case, the 10 means that the pair of binoculars will make an object appear 10 times closer than it is.
It’s easy to immediately leap to the conclusion that the higher the magnification, the better the binoculars will be for wildlife viewing, but this is not necessarily true. If you’re planning on using just your hands to hold the binoculars and not a tripod, then look for binoculars with a magnification rating of around 10.
Magnifications higher than 12 tend to highlight hand-shake when trying to focus, reduce the overall brightness of the image, and reduce the depth of field (meaning more of the object will be out of focus). Conversely, magnifications less than 8 tend to reduce all these problems, but also have a shorter range and decreased image quality. Just for clarification magnification of 8x or 10x is ideal, anything under 8x or greater than 10x should be avoided.
Objective Lens Diameter
The second number in the specification refers to the objective lens diameter in millimeters. Returning to the 10×25 that we used above, the 25 indicates a 25mm objective lens diameter.
Remember, the objective lens is the large lens on the end of the binoculars that you point towards what you want to view. The size of this particular lens correlates directly to how much light your binoculars can gather; larger lens produce brighter images in dark conditions than their smaller counterparts.
Naturally, larger lenses spawn larger and more cumbersome binoculars. The trick is to find the right size for your purposes and consider what conditions you’ll be using your binoculars in. If you’re planning on only using your binoculars in bright conditions during the day, then a 32mm will likely suit your needs. Planning for some early morning or late evening viewing? Then consider 42mm binoculars to make sure you get a brighter image.
Any binocular that’s intended for serious outdoor use is likely to meet rough conditions – not to mention rain – along the way. It’s prudent to consider the binocular casing when researching. Keep an eye out for an all-encompassing rubber armor. This provides improved grip during use and will help protect the sensitive materials inside from any accidental falls.
Additionally, we highly recommend that you invest in waterproofing. This will help to protect the delicate optics inside from fogging with quick temperature changes, as well as defend against dust and/or sand intrusion which can significantly affect your viewing quality.
Assuming you don’t live in the place you will be on safari and have to travel to Africa you’ll want to pick a pair of binoculars that don’t weigh too much. The smaller and lighter your safari binoculars are the easier they will be to travel with. If you’re on a walking safari the lighter binoculars will for sure be less taxing. Smaller binoculars are actually easier to hold and grip too. I would suggest staying under 3 pounds for your binoculars.
The Best Binoculars for Safari
Snypex Knight D-ED 8×32
The Snypex Knight does an excellent job of blending the high-quality images of a full-sized pair of binoculars with a compact and rugged design that is easiest for traveling. The travel aspect of the binoculars is also accentuated by the fully waterproof design and water-repellent coatings on the exterior lenses.
The exceptional craftsmanship and addition of dielectric mirror coatings make these roof-prism binoculars a force to be reckoned with. While a little pricey, you’re putting yourself on the right track for phenomenal animal sightings during your safari. These are among the best safari binoculars for birders especially.
Avalon 8×32 Mini HD
Continuing our trend of powerfully compact binoculars, we have the Avalon 8×32. This pair is small enough to fit into a jacket pocket or a small daypack, but will still deliver powerful images for your enjoyment.
We tend to recommend these binoculars for those of you who value a compact, rugged, and budget-friendly design above all else. The roof-prism design keeps them nice and slim, while the waterproofing allows you to use them in all conditions on your travels. These are on the low end of the budget spectrum, however, and you get what you pay for. Or more importantly, you don’t get what you don’t pay for.
In this case, that means that you won’t get the incredibly crisp images delivered by the bulkier designs with increased magnification and lens diameters. Nevertheless, this is an exceptional pair of binoculars for a tight budget.
For a blend of porro-prism image quality and compactness at an affordable price, the Steiner AZ830 is the ideal port of call. The compact design allows the binoculars to be stored almost anywhere and the rugged design will keep them in good condition for the duration of your trip.
These binoculars are slightly heavier for their small size, however. So, if you’re planning on viewing through them for hours at a time, it may be wise to look into lighter options. Weight aside, these are a solid choice for a pair of travel/safari binoculars without the steep cost of high-grade binoculars.
Avalon 10×42 PRO HD
If you’re looking for a pair of safari binoculars that are a step up from the lower grade, compact versions but still won’t break the bank, these Avalon PRO HD binoculars are an excellent midway compromise.
The PRO HD improves upon its compact cousin, the mini HD, by bumping the magnification from 8x to 10x and increasing the objective lens diameter from 32mm to 42mm. These improvements allow for much better wildlife viewing at greater distances and in lower light conditions.
Coupled with excellent rubber armoring, a fully waterproof design, and fog-proofing, these safari binoculars are an excellent purchase for those looking for a solid pair of binoculars for a trip but don’t want the serious investment of a professional pair.
Nikon Monarch 5 8×42
Another phenomenal mid-range option for your safari viewing is the Nikon Monarch. Nikon has long been a reputable name in the field of binocular manufacturing, and the Monarch is an excellent example.
The 42mm lens diameter allows for excellent low-light viewing, while the body itself is built for extreme use – sounds perfect for a safari, doesn’t it? Rubber armored body and entirely waterproof, this pair will hold up to the elements as you dive into the wilderness. What’s more, the Monarch offers a very long eye-relief (the distance from the viewing lens to your eye), which maximizes eye comfort for extended viewing and is perfect if you wear glasses.
Celestron 71336 Nature DX
When you’re determined not to let any type of darkness, nook, or cranny stand between you and viewing wildlife, then the Celestron 71336 is your tool of choice. With a whopping 56mm objective lens diameter option, this pair of binoculars captures more light than its smaller counterparts to give a very bright and clear image.
The massive objective lens size does come with a couple of drawbacks, however, that come in the form of size and weight. These are very large and bulky binoculars. Yes, you’ll get a phenomenal image while using them, but trying to tote them around your neck and hold them up to your eyes all day will get very tiring very fast. We recommend you utilize a tripod if you’re planning on extended viewing times.
Wingspan Optics Thunderbird 8×42 Ultra HD
While marketed for the extreme birdwatchers amongst us, the Wingspan Thunderbird is an exceptional pair of binoculars for clear and bright wildlife viewing. Wingspan invested a great deal of time into their prism technology in order to optimize the colors and details you’d expect to see on a bird’s plumage, which in turn vividly reveals the most minute details of any animal you’re watching.
With a 42mm objective lens diameter, the Thunderbird also provides ample brightness for low-light situations. While we would be interested to see a model with increased magnification, the waterproofing, rugged rubber armoring, and fog-proofing collectively help propel these binoculars into our list of top safari binoculars.
Leupold Bx-2 Acadia 12×50
As we slowly creep upwards in price and quality, we have the Leupold Bx-2. These binoculars are built with extreme magnification in low-light situations in mind and are at the very cusp of what we would recommend for handheld safari binoculars.
With a 12x magnification value, this pair can bring even the farthest animals into sharp focus. This holds true even when they’re in shade or darkness, thanks to the 50mm objective lens diameter. Remember, however, that 12x is right around the point where any hand shaking will be highlighted greatly, and can potentially interfere with your viewing.
If you’ve had trouble with wobbly images before, or are planning on extended viewing, we recommend considering a tripod for optimal use.
As with any pair of safari binoculars worth their salt, this model is fully waterproof and built with a rugged casing for full adventure mode.
Opticron Traveller BGA ED 10×32
For those of you looking for the image quality of higher-end binoculars but don’t want to sacrifice on compactness, then the Opticron Traveller is well worth a look.
Built with a very high quality, multi-coated optics system, the Traveller delivers crystal clear images while clocking in at only 16oz (1lb). As always, this pair is fully waterproof and well armored, making it the perfect small binocular to stash away in your bag and not worry about damage.
The exceptional quality comes at a high price, as you may well expect. But when you’re looking for a high-quality, packable, and manageable pair of binoculars, it is well worth the price.
Swarovski Optik EL 10×42
When you’re looking for the absolute best for your wildlife viewing adventures, then look no further than the Swarovski EL. Swarovski has been the binocular brand of choice amongst many wildlife guides for years, and the EL is amongst the top models that the company offers.
The materials, lenses, and prism systems are all manufactured to exceptionally high-standards, which shows in the crystal clear and bright images that the binoculars yield. Excellent in low-light conditions and adverse weather, these binoculars deliver the best. But please be sure you’ll use them to their full potential before you make such a large investment!
Bushnell 10×42 H20 Waterproof Binoculars
After all these higher priced safari binoculars I had to end the list with the best budget binoculars for safari. Bushnell has long been making great binoculars and for all price ranges. The Bushnell 10×42 H20 Waterproof Binoculars have amazing HD clarity and quality optics for less than $100. Like all Bushnell products they are durable and have an O ring that is sealed for fog free viewing.
The nonslip rubber provides a firm grip and the center focus knob is large enough to give you easy and seamless adjustments. It’s the perfect pair of binoculars for first time safari goers who are unsure if they want to invest in a pricier pair of binos.
There you go, folks! We’ve covered the basic points to consider when purchasing binoculars for your next wildlife viewing adventure, and introduced you to our list of the top safari binoculars on the market. You’re now all set to pick the pair that will complement your adventures perfectly! Keep in mind that you don’t need binoculars to enjoy your African safari. We went on quite a few safaris without any and still had a fantastic time. If you are passionate about wildlife and getting a good glimpse at the African wildlife I would highly, highly suggest bringing at least one pair for your travel group.
I should also mention that many African lodges won’t provide you with safari binocular rentals, however every guide will have a pair and will let you borrow them!
Plan Your Trip to Africa
- Tours in Africa: Check out some of these African tours!
- Travel Insurance: We never travel without travel insurance with World Nomads. We ALWAYS travel with travel insurance. Natasha is a bit of a worry wart and would rather stay safe than sorry. World Nomads offers incredible flexible and great plans!
- Water: Much of the water in Africa is questionable at best. We always use our Lifestraw Go Waterbottle to ensure safe drinking water.
- Guide Book: Sometimes it’s nice just to have a real book in your hands when traveling. We recommend picking up a Lonely Planet to get you through the wireless nights.
- Adaptor: Remember that most of Southern Africa uses this travel adaptor,while Eastern Africa uses the British Three Prong adaptor.